Azerbaijan, located at the crossroads of Eastern Europe and Western Asia, is a country of contrasts where ancient history meets modern sophistication. This guide will help you explore the must-see attractions, best cities, delectable cuisine, optimal travel times, and provide a 14-day travel itinerary with useful tips for tourists.

What to See


Baku, the vibrant capital of Azerbaijan, offers a unique blend of ancient and contemporary attractions:

  • Flame Towers: Iconic skyscrapers that illuminate the city skyline.
  • Old City (Icherisheher): A UNESCO World Heritage site with historical buildings, museums, and narrow, winding streets.
  • Heydar Aliyev Center: An architectural marvel hosting exhibitions and cultural events.
  • Maiden Tower: A historic landmark with panoramic views of Baku.
  • Boulevard and Caspian Sea Promenade: A scenic waterfront area perfect for leisurely strolls.

Gobustan National Park

Located 64 kilometers southwest of Baku, Gobustan National Park is renowned for its prehistoric rock carvings, mud volcanoes, and archaeological significance.

  • Gobustan Rock Art: Ancient engravings depicting daily life and symbolic motifs.
  • Gaval Dash: An ancient musical stone believed to be used in ceremonies.
  • Mud Volcanoes: Witness natural gas escaping from the ground, creating a unique landscape.


Nestled in the foothills of the Greater Caucasus Mountains, Sheki is a hidden gem known for its rich history and beautiful scenery.

  • Sheki Khan’s Palace: A stunning example of medieval architecture with intricate stained glass windows and frescoes.
  • Sheki Fortress: Offers panoramic views of the surrounding landscapes.
  • Sheki Bazaar: A bustling market showcasing traditional crafts and local delicacies.


Xinaliq, the highest village in Europe, is a must-visit for its spectacular mountain scenery and authentic local experiences.


This autonomous exclave offers a unique blend of historical sites and natural beauty.

  • Alinja Fortress: A medieval stronghold with panoramic views.
  • Noah’s Tomb: A significant pilgrimage site.
  • Nakhchivan City: Explore the capital with its historical architecture and vibrant bazaars.


Known for its lush landscapes and outdoor activities, Gabala is perfect for nature enthusiasts and adventure seekers.

  • Tufandag Mountain Resort: Offers skiing, snowboarding, and stunning mountain views.
  • Nohur Lake: A tranquil spot for boat cruises and picnics.
  • Gabaland: An amusement park with attractions for all ages.

Best Cities for Travelers

  • Baku: The capital city with a mix of historical and modern attractions.
  • Sheki: Offers a rich cultural experience with its historical sites and local markets.
  • Ganja: Explore Lake Goygol National Park and the city’s historical sites.
  • Gabala: Ideal for outdoor activities and nature lovers.
  • Nakhchivan: Visit for its historical significance and scenic beauty.

What to Eat

  • Plov: A flavorful rice dish with meat and vegetables, often reserved for special occasions.
  • Kebab: Varieties include lyula kebab (ground meat) and shashlik (marinated meat chunks).
  • Dovga: A yogurt-based soup with vegetables and herbs, perfect for hot days.
  • Piti: A hearty meat and vegetable stew cooked in a clay pot.
  • Qutab: Thinly rolled dough filled with meat, greens, or cheese.
  • Gogal: A sweet pastry made with flour, eggs, sugar, and butter.
  • Pomegranate Juice: Freshly made from local pomegranates, available in most eateries.

When to Go

Azerbaijan has a diverse climate with hot summers and cold winters. The best times to visit are:

  • Spring (April to June): Mild weather and blooming landscapes.
  • Autumn (September to November): Pleasant temperatures and fewer tourists.

A Rough Travel Plan for 14 Days

Days 1-3: Baku

Explore the Flame Towers, Old City, Heydar Aliyev Center, Maiden Tower, and enjoy a stroll along the Caspian Sea Promenade.

Days 4-5: Gobustan National Park

Take a guided tour to see the rock art, Gaval Dash, and mud volcanoes.

Days 6-7: Quba and Xinaliq

Stay in Quba and visit the nearby striped mountains and hike to Xinaliq for stunning mountain views.

Days 8-10: Sheki

Visit Sheki Khan’s Palace, Sheki Fortress, and the local bazaar. Consider a stay in a traditional guest house.

Days 11-12: Gabala

Enjoy outdoor activities at Tufandag Mountain Resort, Nohur Lake, and Gabaland.

Days 13-14: Nakhchivan

Fly to Nakhchivan and explore Alinja Fortress, Noah’s Tomb, and Nakhchivan City.

Tips for Tourists

  • Local Etiquette: Dress modestly, especially when visiting religious sites.
  • Transportation: Use Baku’s efficient metro, taxis, or ride-sharing apps. Consider renting a car for exploring rural areas.
  • Safety: Azerbaijan is generally safe, but be cautious of pickpockets in crowded places.
  • Currency: The local currency is the Azerbaijani manat. Carry some cash for small purchases.
  • Language: Learning a few basic phrases in Azerbaijani can be helpful, though English is commonly spoken in tourist areas.

Azerbaijan’s diverse landscapes, rich history, and vibrant culture make it an enticing destination for travelers. Whether exploring ancient cities or enjoying outdoor adventures, you’ll find something to captivate your interest in this fascinating country.

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